orsa

Occupational Road Safety Alliance

Research

Research documents

National Road Safety Partnership Program (NRSPP)
A comprehensive ‘knowledge bank’ of work-related road safety resources, including research studies, from organisations in many countries around the world.

A Strategic Review of the Management of Occupational Road Risk (2014)
TRL and UCL, for RoSPA, S Helman et al

A comprehensive review of the progress made in helping employers to manage their occupational road risk since the mid 1990s, and recommendations to ensure that MORR is given the same priority as general Health and Safety, and is embedded strategically at board level as part of the occupational health and safety governance structure of a business.

RoSPA Scotland YD@W Report (2014)
RoSPA

A pilot project evaluating the practicalities and effectiveness of employers using telematics to monitor and improve the at-work driving of their young staff, exploring the practical issues that employers face when seeking to use telematics, how they were or were not resolved, and how they were able to use the information the technology provides to improve their management of occupational road risk for young drivers at work.

Business Case for Managing Risk at Work (2014)
Luana Bidasca and Ellen Townsend, ETSC

This report gives an overview of the business case for employers to invest in a Work-Related Road Risk Management programme. It finds that the financial and other benefits of such a programme could outweigh the costs of implementation, and details other benefits, such as increasing efficiency in organisational management and administration.

Work Related Road Safety Management Programmes (2012)
ETSC

The report presents the main elements of Work Related Road Safety (WRRS) management as a means of addressing work-related road risks. It commences by outlining why employers should address WRRS and by giving ideas on where to begin within individual organisations.

Other PRAISE Reports (2009 onwards)
ETSC

A series of reports addressing a range of issues related to managing at-work road safety:

  • The Business Case for Managing Road Risk at Work (2014)
  • Driving for Work: Managing Speed (2011)
  • Managing Road Risk at Work – Case Study: Iron Mountain (2014)
  • EU Social Rules and Heavy Goods Vehicle Drivers (2011)
  • Road Safety at Work Zones (2011)
  • Minimising In-Vehicle Distraction (2010)
  • Safer Commuting to Work (2010)
  • Fitness to Drive (2010)
  • Fit for Road Safety: From Risk Assessment to Training (2010)
  • How Can In-Vehicle Safety Equipment Improve Road Safety at Work? (2009)

Construction Logistics and Cyclist Safety: Technical Report (2013)
TRL PPR639, E Delmonte et al

Construction Logistics and Cyclist Safety: Summary Report (2013)
TRL PPR6409, S Helman et al

Two reports examining how construction companies in London manage the high rate of fatal crashes involving cyclists. They conclude that MORR lags far behind the management of wider Health and Safety, and make a range of recommendations to remedy this.

Driving for Work (2013)
Road Safety Observatory

A review of published research on driving for work prepared for the Road Safety Observatory.

A Gap Analysis of work-related road safety in the UK: Working towards a national standard (2012)
TRL PPR626, S. Helman et al

This study recommended that a national standard should be simple to apply, mandatory, address business and safety cases and contain guidance on the management processes to identify and address risks. The standard seek to reduce exposure to known risk factors, such as driving at all, driver fatigue, distraction and driving under time pressure and in specific known high-risk scenarios for individual business sectors.

Work-related Road Safety: A Systematic Review of the Literature on the Effectiveness of Interventions (2011)
TRL for IOSH, Grayson and Helman

A systematic review of the effectiveness of different types interventions to improve work-related road safety that concluded that there is little good evidence of effectiveness in the literature. It recommended more robust evaluations and that work-related road safety can be improved by reducing road use, thus reducing exposure to the risk of driving for work.

Development and evaluation of the Work-Related Road Safety CD-ROM (2009)
TRL PPR346, Lang et al

A before and after study of a CD-ROM guide on work-related road safety for managers in organisations with fleets, that found some improvements after using the CD-ROM, although it was not possible to show the extent to which this was definitely due to the CD-ROM. It identified facilitators and barriers to managing work-related road safety.

Worker involvement in health and safety: what works?

A HSE/RoSPA research project that investigated worker involvement in health and safety within non-unionised workplaces in Scotland in 2009. The report provides details of the investigation, conclusions and recommendations, and two elements of a planned toolkit – case studies and hints and tips.

Making the Business Case (2008)
Dr Will Murray for Driving for Better Business

A report that outlines the business case for managing work-related road safety to help managers who are seeking board authorisation to implement a fleet safety policy. It focuses on why fleet safety is important

Promoting Global Initiatives for Occupational Road Safety: Review of Occupational Road Safety Worldwide (2007)
NIOSH, Dr W Murray

A review of occupational road safety, including occupational road crash data, in countries around the world, with recommendations for governmental and organisational initiatives that could promote occupational road safety and identify the most pressing needs for future research.

Literature review on van use in the UK (2006)
TRL, PPR113, Lang and Rehm

A literature review of van use identified that around 3 million vans were registered in the UK at the time, with 57.5% being company owned. It found that vans were over-represented in fatal accidents, with drivers of other vehicles having a higher casualty rate. It predicted future increases in van traffic due to growth in online shopping and home delivery.

Factors influencing the behaviour of people who drive at work (2006)
Department for Transport, C. O'Dolan and S. Stradling

A survey of occupational drivers in companies and organisations in Strathclyde to assess their beliefs and attitudes about driving for work.

An In-depth Study of Work Related Road Traffic Accidents (2005)

An in-depth review of police road accident files of accidents involving drivers and others who were using the roads in connection with their work. It found that 88% of at-work collisions involved company cars, vans, large goods vehicles, busses, taxis and emergency vehicles, and identified specific causation factors.

Improving Work Related Road Safety (2005)
The Motorists' Forum

A report providing advice to the Secretary of State for Transport on how employers could be encouraged to give a higher priority to road safety for their staff who drive cars or vans as part of their work.

Safety Culture and Work-Related Road Accidents (2004)
Department for Transport

This study measured companies' safety culture using the HSE's health and safety climate tool, interviewed drivers and reviewed companies' accident data to identify ways they could improve their management of occupational road risk and to inform the development of MORR guidance for companies.

A study of the accidents and behaviours of company car drivers (2004)
DfT, Peter Chapman, Katherine Roberts & Geoffrey Underwood

A questionnaire survey of employees in a large organisation to identify differences in accidents between types of driver to shed additional light on the reasons for any heightened accident risk in company car drivers and to provide suggestions for interventions to reduce individuals' accident risk.

Work-related road accidents (2003)
TRL, Report 582, J Broughton, C Baughan, L Pearce, L Smith, & G A Buckle

A multivariate analysis of potential risk factors for work-related driving injury accidents in the UK, that identified fatigue, time pressure and in-car distractions such as mobile phones as significantly increasing the risk of these accidents.

Company vehicle incident reporting and recording (CoVIR) (2003)
Department for Transport, Road Safety Research Report No. 31

A review of company vehicle incident reporting and recording (CoVIR) systems employed by a range of organisations at the time, and best practice recommendations for a company vehicle accident recording system that could be used throughout the UK.

Management of Work-Related Road Safety (2002)
Scottish Executive, Research Findings No.144

A literature review of driver behaviour, a telephone survey of 1,006 Scottish employers of varying sizes and sectors and visits to a selection of them to establish the contribution of individual factors to driving behaviour and the implications for managing work-related road safety, the extent to which road safety is considered a health and safety issue in Scottish workplaces and to identify good practice case studies of occupational road safety policy and procedures.

Reducing at-work road traffic incidents - Report to Government and the Health and Safety Commission (2001)

A review of intelligence gathering on at-work road safety, arrangements for engaging others in this work and the roles and responsibilities of enforcement bodies and how they might work more closely together, plus research into the quantification of at-work road traffic incidents and a study into liaison arrangements between road safety and health and safety enforcers. It concluded that "between 25% and 33% of all serious and fatal road traffic incidents involve someone who was at work at the time."

The Accident Liability of Company Car Drivers (1998)
TRL Report 317, P Lynn and C R Lockwood

A postal survey of company car drivers compared the accident liability of these drivers with data from an earlier survey of 'ordinary' drivers. It concluded that company car drivers have about 50% more accidents than those driving for domestic purposes.

Road Safety Improvements in Large Companies: An Experimental Comparison of Different Measures (1996)
Accident Analysis and Prevention. Vol 28(3), N P Gregersen et al

A study comparing four different measures for reducing accident involvement by changing driver behaviour: driver training, group discussions, campaigns and bonuses for accident free driving. The effect on accident risk (accidents per mile) and accident costs were calculated. The results show that group discussions and driver training (of the type used in the study improved accident risk.

Brake road safety research library

This research library, managed by Brake, is a compilation of road safety research from around the globe, categorised by key topic area. The research library is updated fortnightly.

Direct Line and Brake reports on safe driving (2009 – 2014)

The Direct Line & Brake Reports on Safe Driving are a series of reports researched and produced by Brake in partnership with motor insurer Direct Line. The reports are based on surveys of UK drivers, revealing their attitudes and behaviour on key road safety topics, and providing an insight into what needs to be done to make our roads safer for everyone. Each report contains survey findings, plus wider research, case studies, advice for drivers, and recommendations.